How to Install Proxmox VE on Bare Metal Step-by-Step

The step-by-step guide on this page will show you how to Install Proxmox VE on bare metal.

Proxmox Virtual Environment (VE) is a powerful, open-source platform for managing virtual machines (VMs) and containers. It combines two virtualization technologies, KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine) for virtual machines and LXC (Linux Containers) for lightweight containerization. Installing Proxmox VE on bare metal provides a solid foundation for building a virtualization infrastructure that can efficiently manage your workloads.

Prerequisites

  • A bare metal server with hardware virtualization support (Intel VT-x/AMD-V).
  • A bootable USB drive with the Proxmox VE ISO image.
  • Access to the server’s management interface (e.g., IPMI, iDRAC, or a physical console).
  • Basic knowledge of Linux commands.

1) Download Proxmox VE ISO Installer

Browse the URL https://www.proxmox.com/en/downloads/proxmox-virtual-environment/iso and download latest proxmox VE ISO installer. At the time of write this post, “proxmox ve 8.0.2” is available.

Download-Proxmox-VE-ISO-Installer

Once the download is completed, burn the ISO file into USB flash drive and make it bootable. In Windows environment, use Rufus software to create bootable USB drive from ISO file. In Linux, use the following,

2) Boot from the Proxmox VE Installer

Attach bootable USB drive to the server and go to the server’s BIOS or UEFI settings and ensure that the USB drive is set as the primary boot device.

Once the server boots from the USB drive, you will see the Proxmox VE boot menu. Choose “Install Proxmox VE (Graphical)” option and hit Enter.

Choose-Install-Proxmox-VE-Graphical-option

3) Accept End User License Agreement

In this step, you will be prompted to accept end user license agreement,

Accept-End-User-License-Agreement-Proxmox

Read the agreement and click on “I agree

4) Choose Installation Target Disk

The installer will ask you to choose the target disk on which proxmox will be installed. By default, installer will format the file system with ext4, if wish to change the file system type then click on “Options” as shown below.

Installer-Target-Disk-FileSystem-Type-Proxmox

Select the target disk and file system and then click on Next to proceed further.

5) Set Location and Time Zone

Set your preferred Location (Country), Time zone and Keyboard layout.

Set-Location-TimeZone-Proxmox-Installer

Click on Next

6) Create Admin Password and Email Address

Create a password for the Proxmox VE web interface. This password will be used to log in to the Proxmox VE web management console. Also specify the valid email address where all notification will be sent.

Admin-Password-Email-Address-Proxmox-Installer

Click Next

7) Network Configuration

Next, you’ll need to configure the network settings for Proxmox VE. Set FQDN, static IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server. Ensure that you specify the correct network configuration according to your environment.

Network-Configuration-Proxmox-ve-installer

Click Next to proceed further with the installation.

8) Begin Proxmox VE Installation

Review your installation settings one last time.

Proxmox-Installation-Summary

If everything looks correct, click on “Install“. The installation process will begin, and Proxmox VE will be installed on your bare metal server.

Proxmox-VE-Installation-Progress

Proxmox-VE-Successfull-Installation-Screen

Once the installation is complete, server will be rebooted automatically. Don’t forget to remove the USB drive and change boot medium from BIOS settings so that Proxmox VE will boot from the installed disk.

9) Access the Proxmox VE Web Interface

Open a web browser and navigate to the IP address you assigned in Step 7, followed by port 8006 (e.g., http://your_server_ip:8006).

While accessing the Web interface, we will get following screen, So Accept the Risk and Continue as we are using self-signed certificates for web interface.

Proxmox-VE-Web-Interface-Accept-Risk-Continue

Next, log in with the username “root” and the password you set in Step 6.

Proxmox-WebUI-Login-Page

Click on Login, this will take us to dashboard (Web UI). You will get a warning message like “No Valid Subscription”, Choose OK to ignore the warning,

No-Valid-Subscription-Proxmox-VE-Web-Interface

Finally, we will get the following Proxmox VE Web UI.

Proxmox-VE-Web-Interface-Dashboard

Great, this confirms that Proxmox VE has been installed successfully on your server.

As we don’t have valid subscription, let’s change its enterprise package repository to community repository in the following step.

10) Change Proxmox Enterprise Repository to Community

From the Web UI, Select the host (pv01) under the Datacenter and then click on console,

Access-Shell-Proxmox-VE-Server

Now, go to directory “/etc/apt/sources.list.d/

# cd /etc/apt/sources.list.d/

Edit ceph.list file, comment out the enterprise repo and add community repo for ceph,

# vi ceph.list

#deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-quincy bookworm enterprise
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-quincy bookworm no-subscription

save and close the file

Next edit the ‘pve-enterprise.list’ and comment out enterprise proxmox repo and add community repo url.

# vi pve-enterprise.list

#deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve bookworm pve-enterprise
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bookworm pve-no-subscription

save and quit the file.

Update the Repository index and install all available updates,

# apt update
# apt upgrade -y

Install-Updates-Post-Proxmox-VE-Installation

Once all the updates are installed then reboot the system once using following command,

# reboot

That’s all from this guide, I hope you have found it informative and useful. If you have encountered any issue during installation, kindly do post it in below comments section.

Also Read: How to Create Virtual Machine in Proxmox VE Using Web UI

Conclusion

You have successfully installed Proxmox VE on bare metal. This powerful virtualization platform opens up a world of possibilities for managing virtual machines and containers. Explore the Proxmox VE web interface and start creating VMs and containers to meet your specific needs. Proxmox VE’s flexibility and robust features make it an excellent choice for virtualization enthusiasts and professionals alike.

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