How to Use TimeShift to Backup and Restore Ubuntu Linux

Have you ever wondered how you can backup and restore your Ubuntu or Debian system ? Timeshift is a free and opensource tool that allows you to create incremental snapshots of your filesystem. You can create a snapshot using either RSYNC or BTRFS.

TimeShift-Backup-Restore-Tool-Ubuntu

With that. let’s delve in and install Timeshift. For this tutorial, we shall install on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS system.

Installing TimeShift on Ubuntu / Debian Linux

TimeShift is not hosted officially on Ubuntu and Debian repositories. With that in mind, we are going to run the command below to add the PPA:

# add-apt-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa

Add-timeshift-repository

Next, update the system packages with the command:

# apt update

After a successful system update, install timeshift by running following apt command :

# apt install timeshift

apt-install-timeshift

Preparing a backup storage device

Best practice demands that we save the system snapshot on a separate storage volume, aside from the system’s hard drive. For this guide, we are using a 16 GB flash drive as the secondary drive on which we are going to save the snapshot.

# lsblk | grep sdb

lsblk-sdb-ubuntu

For the flash drive to be used as a backup location for the snapshot, we need to create a partition table on the device. Run the following commands:

# parted /dev/sdb  mklabel gpt
# parted /dev/sdb  mkpart primary 0% 100%
# mkfs.ext4  /dev/sdb1

create-partition-table-on-drive-ubuntu

After creating a partition table on the USB flash drive, we are all set to begin creating filesystem’s snapshots!

Using Timeshift to create snapshots

To launch Timeshift, use the application menu to search for the  Timeshift application.

Access-Timeshift-Ubuntu

Click on the Timeshift icon and the system will prompt you for the Administrator’s password. Provide the password and click on Authenticate

Authentication-required-ubuntu

Next, select your preferred snapshot type.

Select-Rsync-option-timeshift

Click ‘Next’.  Select the destination drive for the snapshot. In this case, my location is the external USB drive labeled as /dev/sdb

Select-snapshot location

Next, define the snapshot levels. Levels refer to the intervals during which the snapshots are created.  You can choose to have either monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly snapshot levels.

Select-snapshot-levels-Timeshift

Click ‘Finish’

On the next Window, click on the ‘Create’ button to begin creating the snapshot. Thereafter, the system will begin creating the snapshot.

Create-snapshot-timeshift

Finally, your snapshot will be displayed as shown

Snapshot-created-TimeShift

Restoring Ubuntu / Debian from a snapshot

Having created a system snapshot, let’s now see how you can restore your system from the same snapshot. On the same Timeshift window, click on the snapshot and click on the ‘Restore’ button as shown.

Restore-snapshot-timeshift

Next, you will be prompted to select the target device.  leave the default selection and hit ‘Next’.

Select-target-device-timeshift

A dry run will be performed by Timeshift before the restore process commences.

Comparing-files-Dry-Run-timeshift

In the next window, hit the ‘Next’  button to confirm actions displayed.

Confirm-actions-timeshift

You’ll get a warning and a disclaimer as shown. Click ‘Next’ to initialize the restoration process.

Thereafter, the restore process will commence and finally, the system will thereafter reboot into an earlier version as defined by the snapshot.

Restoring-snapshot-timeshift

Conclusion

As you have seen it quite easy to use TimeShift to restore your system from a snapshot. It comes in handy when backing up system files and allows you to recover in the event of a system fault. So don’t get scared to tinker with your system or mess up. TimeShift will give you the ability to go back to a point in time when everything was running smoothly.

1 Response

  1. Don Baker says:

    Timeshift by default does not backup the user /Home directory. You can enable that, but did not see that in your screenshots. Also for a full reinstall to a new disk it does not always get boot correct. It is awesome when it works as designed.

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