In this guide, we will cover how to install VirtualBox 7 on Ubuntu 22.04 system step by step.
VirtualBox is a free and open-source virtualization tool for desktop and servers. It allows the users to run multiple virtual machines of different operating system at the same time. It is a type 2 hypervisor for x86 virtualization.
Some of basic terminology used in Virtualization world are:
- Host Operating System (Host OS) – It is an operating system of the physical machine on which VirtualBox is installed or will be installed. Host OS for virtual box can be Windows, UNIX and Mac OS X.
- Guest operating system (Guest OS) – It is an operating system which is running inside the virtual machine.
- Virtual machine (VM) – This is the special environment that VirtualBox creates for our Guest OS while it is running. In other words, we can say that we run guest OS in a VM.
- Pre Installed Ubuntu 22.04
- Sudo user with admin privileges
- 4GB RAM or more
- Multi Core Processor ( 4 Core CPUs or more)
Without any further delay, let’s deep dive into VirtualBox installation steps.
1) Update System Package Cache
To make the system package cache up to date, run
$ sudo apt update
2) Add VirtualBox 7 Repository
VirtualBox 7 is not available in the default package repositories of Ubuntu 22.04. So, let’s first import virtualbox package repositories keys, run following commands,
$ sudo apt install curl wget gnupg2 lsb-release -y $ curl -fsSL https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc|sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/vbox.gpg $ curl -fsSL https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc|sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/oracle_vbox.gpg
Now, run following echo and tee command to add repository,
$ echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -sc) contrib" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list
3) Install VirtualBox 7 on Ubuntu 22.04
Run the following apt command to install virtualbox 7 and its dependencies.
$ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install -y linux-headers-$(uname -r) dkms $ sudo apt install virtualbox-7.0 -y
4) Add Local User to VBoxusers Group
If you want your local user to use virtualbox with admin privileges then add your local user to vboxusers secondary group.
$ sudo usermod -aG vboxusers $USER $ newgrp vboxusers
Next, try to start VirtualBox.
5) Start VirtualBox
To start virtualbox GUI, type virtualbox from Activity as shown below,
Click on VirtualBox icon, we will get following window.
Above window confirms that VirtualBox has been started successfully. Before start creating virtual machines inside the virtualbox, let’s first install extension pack in the next step.
6) Install VirtualBox 7 Extension Pack
VirtualBox Extension pack provides additional functionality to virtualbox like support for USB 2.0 & USB 3.0, PXE boot for Intel Cards, disk encryption and VirtualBox RDP.
To Install extension pack, let’s first download its file using beneath wget command.
$ wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/7.0.10/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-7.0.10.vbox-extpack
Now, install extension pack, run following command
$ sudo vboxmanage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-7.0.10.vbox-extpack
You will be prompted to accept the License agreement, press ‘Y’ to accept it.
Above screen confirms that extension has been installed successfully.
Now head back to VirtualBox GUI. From the File menu choose Tools and then click on Extensions Pack Manager
Above screen confirms that extension pack is installed and active. Now, we are ready to create virtual machines inside the VirtualBox.
Note: Please make sure VirtualBox version and extension pack version must match otherwise additional functionality will not work properly.
That’s all from this guide. I hope you have found it informative and useful. Please don’t hesitate to post your queries and feedback in below comments section.