Steps to Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) with Screenshots

Pradeep Kumar

I am a huge fan of open source and love to share How To's tutorials on Linux, Cloud and DevOps. I have been working as Linux Consultant, Cloud & DevOps Engineer since 2010

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6 Responses

  1. larry says:

    I follow these instructions but the installation stops somewhere a bit after halfway down the “Copying files…” progress bar. I receive the error message:
    “Installation Failed.
    The installer encountered an error copying files to the hard disk: [Errno 5] Input/output error
    This is often due to a faulty CD/DVD disk or drive, or a faulty hard disk… (etc.)”

    I have not found any reason for the disk or drive to be faulty and googling has not found anything viable, or related to 16.04. I’m completely new to Linux and cannot tell what else to try. When I restart, it tells me “Please remove the installation medium, then press ENTER:” but when I do so, nothing boots and I am left with a black screen. When I restart again with the disk back in and go through the process again, it acts as though the installation was successful and I am asked if I should: “Erase Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and reinstall”, “Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS alongside Ubuntu 16.04 LTS” which is nonsense because the installation crashed and I cannot actually use it, or “Erase disk and install Ubuntu” (or “Something else”). The process then repeats itself as described.

    • Chechu says:

      Indeed, larry. You are not alone. I have got the same problem with the same mumbo-jumbo text.
      This is a true pain in the belly. And it also happens with installers of
      previous versions (12 and 14). And I am pretty sure that the DVD disk has been correctly
      created (using the slowest speed, etc, etc). The fact that a similar problem happens with installers of
      previous versions strongly suggests that this has been a festering problem for years. I am therefore pessimistic
      about the possibility of it being solved in the immediate future…

      Possible work-around: I could successfully install debian, if this is acceptable for you.
      Installing linux mint will on the other hand fail with the selfsame problem, which is of course not a surprise,
      being itself based on ubuntu…

      Second work-around: if you have a windows-OS running on your system
      (and assuming you have some free disk space),
      you can install wubi within windows, and from wubi you might create a true ubuntu installation in
      the free space without installer (just a migration from wubi).

      But if you have found a true, genuine solution, please let me know.

    • Chechu says:

      Most likely the problem may be circumvented as described in point 4 here:
      https://sites.google.com/site/easylinuxtipsproject/bugs

  2. ADI says:

    What are the purpose of so many partitions?
    i understand the boot partition. but var and home?

  3. Hi ADI ,

    Here is the purpose for multiple partition, Keeping the system logs and other application logs on /var and all the user’s related data are stored in user’s home directory. Though we can keep minimum two partitions / and swap but in that case all the data will be stored under / file system.

  4. Dan says:

    This could serve as guide but not necessarily to copy or follow all the steps because you might have different issue than this. For example I set aside a new partition formatted with NTFS for about 150GB just for Linux Operating System so at the step that you would need to select “swap” to make sure that if your allocated partition is not enough so then the system will swap, you need to bypass this point because you already allocated enough space or a separate partition to install the operating system. After selecting the correct partition just proceed to “install” and the installation will continue without hassle. Note I have existing Windows OS and this Linux is just my second OS. Take note also that if you are using Linux, you could write anything at Windows assigned forders in which when you switch to Windows, you could not delete those stuffs, meaning Linux is really powerful.

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