Nagios is a free and opensource network and alerting engine used to monitor various devices, such as network devices, and servers in a network. It supports both Linux and Windows OS and provides an intuitive web interface that allows you to easily monitor network resources. When professionally configured, it can alert you in the event a server or a network device goes down or malfunctions via email alerts. In this topic, we shed light on how you can install and configure Nagios core on RHEL 8 / CentOS 8.
Prerequisites of Nagios Core
Before we begin, perform a flight check and ensure you have the following:
- An instance of RHEL 8 / CentOS 8
- SSH access to the instance
- A fast and stable internet connection
With the above requirements in check, let’s roll our sleeves!
Step 1: Install LAMP Stack
For Nagios to work as expected, you need to install LAMP stack or any other web hosting stack since it’s going to run on a browser. To achieve this, execute the command:
# dnf install httpd mariadb-server php-mysqlnd php-fpm
You need to ensure that Apache web server is up and running. To do so, start and enable Apache server using the commands:
# systemctl start httpd # systemctl enable httpd
To check the status of Apache server run
# systemctl status httpd
Next, we need to start and enable MariaDB server, run the following commands
# systemctl start mariadb # systemctl enable mariadb
To check MariaDB status run:
# systemctl status mariadb
Also, you might consider hardening or securing your server and making it less susceptible to unauthorized access. To secure your server, run the command:
Be sure to set a strong password for your MySQL instance. For the subsequent prompts, Type Yes and hit ENTER
Step 2: Install Required packages
Apart from installing the LAMP server, some additional packages are needed for the installation and proper configuration of Nagios. Therefore, install the packages as shown below:
# dnf install gcc glibc glibc-common wget gd gd-devel perl postfix
Step 3: Create a Nagios user account
Next, we need to create a user account for the Nagios user. To achieve this , run the command:
# adduser nagios # passwd nagios
Now, we need to create a group for Nagios and add the Nagios user to this group.
# groupadd nagiosxi
Now add the Nagios user to the group
# usermod -aG nagiosxi nagios
Also, add Apache user to the Nagios group
# usermod -aG nagiosxi apache
Step 4: Download and install Nagios core
We can now proceed and install Nagios Core. The latest stable version in Nagios 4.4.5 which was released on August 19, 2019. But first, download the Nagios tarball file from its official site.
To download Nagios core, first head to the tmp directory
# cd /tmp
Next download the tarball file
# wget https://assets.nagios.com/downloads/nagioscore/releases/nagios-4.4.5.tar.gz
After downloading the tarball file, extract it using the command:
# tar -xvf nagios-4.4.5.tar.gz
Next, navigate to the uncompressed folder
# cd nagios-4.4.5
Run the commands below in this order
# ./configure --with-command-group=nagcmd # make all # make install # make install-init # make install-daemoninit # make install-config # make install-commandmode # make install-exfoliation
To setup Apache configuration issue the command:
# make install-webconf
Step 5: Configure Apache Web Server Authentication
Next, we are going to setup authentication for the user nagiosadmin. Please be mindful not to change the username or else, you may be required to perform further configuration which may be quite tedious.
To set up authentication run the command:
# htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin
You will be prompted for the password of the nagiosadmin user. Enter and confirm the password as requested. This is the user that you will use to login to Nagios towards the end of this tutorial.
For the changes to come into effect, restart your web server.
# systemctl restart httpd
Step 6: Download & install Nagios Plugins
Plugins will extend the functionality of the Nagios Server. They will help you monitor various services, network devices, and applications. To download the plugin tarball file run the command:
# wget https://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz
Next, extract the tarball file and navigate to the uncompressed plugin folder
# tar -xvf nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz # cd nagios-plugins-2.2.1
To install the plugins compile the source code as shown
# ./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagiosxi # make # make install
Step 7: Verify and Start Nagios
After the successful installation of Nagios plugins, verify the Nagios configuration to ensure that all is well and there is no error in the configuration:
# /usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
Next, start Nagios and verify its status
# systemctl start nagios # systemctl status nagios
In case Firewall is running on system then allow “80” using the following command
# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=80/tcp # firewall-cmd --reload
Step 8: Access Nagios dashboard via the web browser
To access Nagios, browse your server’s IP address as shown
A pop-up will appear prompting for the username and the password of the user we created earlier in Step 5. Enter the credentials and hit ‘Sign In’
This ushers you to the Nagios dashboard as shown below
We have finally successfully installed and configured Nagios Core on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8. Your feedback is most welcome.
Also Read : How to Add Windows and Linux host to Nagios Server for Monitoring
Also Read : How to Setup Multi Node Elastic Stack Cluster on RHEL 8 / CentOS 8
12 thoughts on “How to Install and Configure Nagios Core on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8”
Thank you for posting.
It worked for me. I had one small issue near the end:
./configure –with-command-group=nagcmd #nagcmd generated make errors
./configure –with-command-group=nagiosxi #I substituted nagiosxi for nagcmd
yes its worked for me after # ./configure –with-command-group=nagiosxi
This should be on separate lines.
# firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=80/tcp# firewall-cmd –reload
Thank You Steve for pointing out the typo, i have correct it now.
Hi – great guide – worked first time, but with one tweak. These lines seemed inconsistent…?
usermod -aG nagiosxi nagios
I think the second line should be:
The second line worked for me and nagios now up and running…
agreed, good article but +1 on the slight modification
It works, I checked it. However, I see no reason to install nagios from source codes, you can easily install the EPEL repo and get everithyng installed with a couple of commands.
Moreover, there is no need to install mariadb, nagios doesn’t use it.
FYI, in “Step 7: Verify and Start Nagios” when running “systemctl start nagios”, I got:
Failed to start nagios.service: Unit nagios.service not found.
I had to add a file:
… in order to get things working
Hello, thanks for your contribution.
I have a problem, I installed everything but when I go to the http: // server-ip / nagios browser, the page does not appear. should I configure something else?
Hey Jhon Robinson, If you are accessing the Nagios server from a different machine , please check the firewall configuration and ensure that you have opened port 80 on the Nagios server.
thank you so much..
only one error *./configure –with-command-group=nagcmd
replace above line with ./configure –with-command-group=nagiosxi
How to monitor HCI nodes installed with VMWare ESXi hypervisors ( As there no OS on the host machine, how we can use nagios?/for any failing nodes of any HCI servers?