Debian 10 (Buster) Installation Steps with Screenshots

Debian Project has released its latest and stable operating system as Debian 10, code name for Debian 10 is “Buster“, this release will get 5 years of support. Debian 10 is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit systems. This release comes with lot of new features, some of them are listed below:

  • Introduction of new Debian 10 theme known as “FuturePrototype
  • Updated Desktop GNOME 3.30, Cinnamon 3.8, KDE Plasma 5.14, MATE 1.20 & Xfce 4.12
  • LTS kernel 4.19.0-4
  • New Python 3 (3.7.2), Perl 5.28 & PHP 7.3
  • Iptables are replaced by nftables
  • Updated LibreOffice 6.1 & GIMP 2.10.8
  • Updated OpenJDK 11, MariaDB 10.3 and Apache 2.4.38
  • Updated Chromium 73.0 & Firefox 60.7
  • Improved support for UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface)

In this article we will demonstrate how to install Debian 10 “Buster” workstation on your Laptop & Desktop.

Recommended System Requirements for Debian 10

  • 2 GB RAM
  • 2 GHz Dual Core Processor
  • 10 GB Free Hard disk space
  • Bootable Installation Media (USB/ DVD)
  • Internet connectivity (Optional)

Let’s jump into the installation steps of Debian 10

Step:1) Download Debian 10 ISO file

Download the Debian 10 ISO file from its official portal,

https://www.debian.org/releases/buster/debian-installer/

Once the ISO file is downloaded, burn it either into USB or DVD and make it bootable.

Step:2) Boot Your System with Installation Bootable Media (USB / DVD)

Reboot your system in which you will be installing Debian 10 and go to bios settings and set the boot medium as USB or DVD.  Once the system is booted with installation bootable media then we will get the following screen.

Choose-Graphical-Install-Debian-10

Choose the First option “Graphical Install

Step:3) Choose Your preferred Language, Location and Keyboard Layout

In this step you will be asked to choose your preferred language

Choose-Language-Debian10-Installation

Click on Continue

Select your preferred location, based on location, time zone will be automatically set for your system.

Select-Location-Debain10-Installation

Now Choose your keyboard layout that suits to your installation,

Keyboard-Layout-Debian10-Installation

Click on Continue to proceed further,

Step:4) Set Host name and Domain Name for Debian 10 System

Set the hostname that suits to your environment and then click on Continue, in my case I am specifying the hostname as “debian10-buster

Hostname-During-Debian10-Installation

Specify the domain name that suits to environment and installation and then click on Continue

Domain-Name-During-Debian10-Installation

Step:5) Specify the root user’s password

Specify the root password in the screen below and then click on Continue

Root-Password-Debian10-Installation

Step:6) Create Local User and its password

In this step you will be prompted to specify local user details like full name, user name and its password,

Local-User-FullName-Debian10

Click on Continue

UserName-LocalUser-Debian10-Installation

Click on Continue and specify the password in the next window

Password-Localuser-Debian10

Step:7) Choose Hard Disk Partitioning Scheme for Debian 10

In this step, select partitioning scheme for Debian 10, in my case I have 40 GB hard disk available for OS installation. Partitioning scheme is of two types:

  • Guided Partitioning (Installer will automatically create required partitions)
  • Manual Partitioning (As name suggests using this we can create manual partitions scheme)

In this tutorial we will use guided partitions with LVM on my 42 GB hard drive,

Choose-Guided-Partitioning-Scheme-Debain10-Installation

Click on Continue to proceed further,

Hard-Disk-Debian10-Installation

As we can see I have around 42 GB hard disk space, so choose Continue

In the next screen, you will be asked to choose partitions, if are a new Linux user then choose the first option and in case you want a separate home partition then choose second option and else third option, which will create a separate partition for /home, /var and /tmp.

In my case I am going to create separate partition for /home, /var and /tmp by choosing the third option.

Guided-Separate-Partitions-Debian10-Installation

In the next screen select “yes” to write changes to disk and Configure LVM and then click on Continue

Write-Changes-Disk-Debian10-Installation

In the next screen, partition table will be displayed, cross verify the partitions size, file system type and mount point.

Debian10-Partition-Table

Click on Continue to proceed further,

In the next screen, choose “yes” to write changes to disk,

Choose-Yes-Write-Changes-Disk-Debian10-Installation

Click on Continue to proceed with installation,

Step:7) Debian 10 Installation Started

In this step, Installation of Debian 10 has been started and is in progress,

Debian10-Installation-Progress

During the installation, installer will prompt you to scan CD/DVD for configuring package manager, Choose No and then click on Continue

Scan-DVD-Debian10-Installation

In the next screen choose “yes” if you want to configure Package Manager based on Network but for this to work, make sure your system is connected to Internet, else Choose No

Network-Mirror-Debian10-Package-Manager

Click on continue to configure package manager based on your location, In next couple of screens you will be prompted to choose location and Debian package repository URL, then you will get below screen

Apt-Config-Debian10-Installation

Choose “No” to skip package survey step and then click on Continue

Pkg-Survey-Debian10-Installation

In the next window, you will be prompted to choose Desktop environment and other packages, in my case I am selecting Gnome Desktop, SSH Server and Standard System utilities

Software-Selection-Debian10-Installation

Click on Continue to proceed with Installation,

Choose the option “yes” to install Grub Boot Loader

Install-Grub-Bootloader-Debian10-Installation

Click on Continue to proceed further, then in the next window choose the disk (/dev/sda) on which bootloader will be installed

Install-grub-on-dev-sda-debian10

Click on Continue to proceed with installation, Once the installation is completed then installer will prompt us to reboot the system,

Installation-Completed-Debain10

Click on Continue to reboot your system and don’t forget to change boot medium from Bios settings so that system boots up with hard disk on which we have installed Debian 10 OS.

Step:8) Boot your newly installed system with Debian 10

Once we reboot the system after the successful installation we will get below bootloader screen

Bootloader-Screen-Debian10

Choose the first option “Debian GNU/Linux” and hit enter,

Once the system boots up, use the same local user and its password that we have created during the installation,

Local-User-Debian10-Login

Following will be Desktop screen after successful login,

Desktop-Screen-Debian10-Buster

This confirms that Debian 10 has been installed successfully, that’s all from this article, explore this exciting Linux Distribution and have fun 😊

Read More on : How to dual boot Windows 10 and Debian 10

Read Also : Top 8 Things to do after Installing Debian 10 (Buster)

2 Responses

  1. Kabeer Sayeed says:

    Dear Mr. Pradeep Kumar:

    1. Thank you very much for the description of the installation procedure for Debian 10.

    2. There are numerous ISO files. Which one(s) should be downloaded? For example, I have downloaded the following ISO file which seems applicable to the KDE desktop:

    2.1. debian-live-10.0.0-amd64-kde.iso

    3. There seem to be numerous ISO files that could be downloaded.

    4. Kindly clarify.

    Yours truly,

    Kabeer Sayeed

    • Pradeep Kumar says:

      Hi Kabeer,

      You can download DVD ISO file which will have all Desktops environments and all other required packages. Below is the url

      ‘https://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-dvd/’

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