Drupal is an Open Source Content Management Software which allows us to build & create web sites without doing any coding. Drupal’s code is written in PHP and comes under GNU GPL (General Public License ).
In this article we will demonstrate how to install Drupal 8 on CentOS 7. Hostname and IP of my machine on which i will install Drupal 8
- Hostname = drupal.example.com
- IP Address = 192.168.1.11
Step:1 Install Apache Web Server (httpd) & PHP 5.5
Drupal 8 require at least PHP 5.5 or above, But php 5.5 is not available in the default yum repository so we will set the following repositories so that we can install php 5.5 using yum command.
[[email protected] ~]# rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm [[email protected] ~]# rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
Use below command to install web server ( httpd), PHP5.5 & other required php dependencies.
[[email protected] ~]# yum install httpd php55w php55w-opcache php55w-mbstring php55w-gd php55w-xml php55w-pear php55w-fpm php55w-mysql
Start the Web Server Service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start httpd [[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable httpd ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service' '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service' [[email protected] ~]#
In case firewall is running on the Server then use below commands to open 80 & 443 port.
[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http success [[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https success [[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --reload success [[email protected] ~]#
Step:2 Install Database Server ( MariaDB )
In CentOS 7 mariadb is default database server. Use below command to install mariadb .
[[email protected] ~]# yum install mariadb-server mariadb
Start the Database service using below command
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start mariadb [[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable mariadb ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service' '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service' [[email protected] ~]#
Set the “root password”, “Remove anonymous users” and “disable remote root login” and other parameters using below “mysql_secure_installation” command.
[[email protected] ~]# mysql_secure_installation
Create the database for drupal
[[email protected] ~]# mysql -u root -p MariaDB [(none)]> create database drupal_db; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec) MariaDB [(none)]>
Create a user for database (drupal_db) and grant all privileges to the user on the database ‘drupal_db‘
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY '[email protected]#'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec) MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON drupal_db.* TO [email protected]; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) MariaDB [(none)]> exit Bye [[email protected] ~]#
Restart the DB service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart mariadb [[email protected] ~]#
Step:3 Download Drupal 8 using wget command.
Download the latest version of drupal from from their official site “Download Drupal”
We can also use wget command to download drupal from the terminal. In case wget and gzip package is not installed then below command to install wget and gzip command.
[[email protected] ~]# yum install wget gzip [[email protected] ~]# wget https://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drupal-8.0.2.tar.gz
Step:4 Untar the downloaded file and set the required permissions.
Use the below command to untar the downloaded drupal file.
[[email protected] ~]# ls -l drupal-8.0.2.tar.gz -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 11720487 Jan 6 17:57 drupal-8.0.2.tar.gz [[email protected] ~]# [[email protected] ~]# tar -zxpvf drupal-8.0.2.tar.gz
Move the drupal folder to web server’s document root ( /var/www/html ) and set the permissions.
[[email protected] ~]# mv drupal-8.0.2 /var/www/html/drupal [[email protected] ~]# chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/drupal/ [[email protected] ~]#
Now create settings file (settings.php ), a default settings file (default.settings.php) is already placed in the folder (/var/www/html/drupal/sites/default).
[[email protected] ~]# cd /var/www/html/drupal/sites/default [[email protected] default]# cp -p default.settings.php settings.php [[email protected] default]#
Note : Set the Selinux rule on the folder “/var/www/html/drupal/” in case SElinux is enable on your Linux box.
[[email protected] ~]# chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_rw_t /var/www/html/drupal/ [[email protected] ~]#
Step:5 Start the Drupal installation
Open the web browser and type “http://<server_ip_address_or_hostname>/drupal”
Choose your preferred language.
Click on “Save and Continue”
Select the installation Profile.
Verify Requirements for Drupal Installation :
click on “continue anyway”
Database Configuration : Use drupal database, user name & its password that we created in above steps.
Click on ‘Save and Continue’ and then Installation will start as shown in below.
Specify the Site info :
Please change the below parameters as per your setup and in my case i am using below :
- Site Name : drupal.example.com
- Site email address : [email protected]
- User Name for Site Maintenance Account : linuxtechi
- Password : XXXXX
- Country : India
- Default time zone : UTC
Click on ‘Save and Continue’ to finish the installation.
Now Add the content to your site, In my case when i click on add Content , i was getting an error “URL /drupal/node/add was not found on this server”
To resolve this issue , i have changed the parameter ‘AllowOverride none’ to ‘AllowOverride all’ in the web server config file ‘/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf’ and restart the web server service:
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart httpd
Now the Drupal installation is Completed. Add content to your site have fun 🙂
15 thoughts on “How to Install Drupal 8 On CentOS 7”
rpm -Uvh ‘https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm’ is giving me a 404 error and failing. Any ideas?
Hi Kyler ,
Check the Internet connectivity and DNS server on your CentOS machine and also try to visit the site from the browser.
I have tested from side it is working fine.
chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_rw_t /var/www/html/drupal/sites/
chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_rw_t /var/www/html/drupal/
otherwise the setuppage for drupal does not show up.
Great helpfull Thnk you so much….:)
Well done – works from first kick 🙂
Good and concise article. Good work Pradeep. However I cannot apply the same commands for my Ubuntu 16.04 server.
After searching the net for some time i finally stumbled upon a good tutorial.
Nevertheless, this article helped me install Drupal on my Centos server and for that I’m grateful.
Great tutorial, saved me a lot of time – thanks a lot!
BTW – AllowOverride All option should be changed in section of ‘/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf’ (if done elsewere it won’t work).
Pradeep nice tutorial. After looking at all these codes, it feels like manually installing Drupal on linux distribution must be a pain. I haven’t done that in a long time because I have been using Cloudways platform (‘https://www.cloudways.com/en/drupal-cloud-hosting.php’ ) where Debian is already installed. Do you think it is better to install the OS myself?
Hi – currently I use virtual hosts and basic html to display 3 different sites I host on centos 7 server delivered with apache. I was thinking about going to Drupal. is there any way to manage or add multiple, existing sites into drupal front manager?
Pradeep, thank you very much for this tut. Great work!
Great tutorial! Thank you very much – this would have taken hours to work out alone. Everything went perfect except for some selinux permissions issues. Viju left a comment showing the fix for that; I’m glad for that as well.
Everything was going well while install druapal 8 on my server but at the end it states I need php 5.5.9 or higher.Please help as I am a learner.Thanks in advance
To Install PHP 7 on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7, refer the url
Thanks for great help, everything works well for me , but when I tried access my Ip address on browser , it says requested URL not found
Thanks in advance
Good article. But I didn’t find any web server configurations for Drupal.