Steps to Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) with Screenshots

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS code name ‘Xenial Xerus‘ has been released recently on 21st April 2016. As this release is under LTS(Long Term Support) so its Desktop support will be for next 5 years and Server support will be for next 3 years. Some of new improved features of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS are listed below :

  • New Linux Kernel 4.4
  • Snap – New application Package format
  • Introduction of LXD – new Container hypervisor on Linux, In Ubuntu 16.04 LTS docker containers can run inside LXD.
  • Latest version of Openstack Mitaka included in this release.
  • Ubuntu 16.04 will support IBM Z and LinuxONE Servers
  • Python 3
  • PHP 7
  • Gnome Desktop 3.18
  • Chromium 48
  • LibreOffice 5.1

In this is article i will demonstrate how to install Desktop version of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS on your Laptop or Desktop.

Step:1 Download Ubuntu 16.04 LTS ISO file.

Download ISO file of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS from their official Web site.

http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop

Once the ISO file is downloaded, burn it into a USB pendrive or DVD and Boot your system with bootable USB Pen drive or DVD, below screen will appear which is shown in step 2

Step:2 Select ‘Install Ubuntu’ to start installation.

Ubuntu-16-04-installation-image

Select-Install-Ubuntu-16-04

Step:3 Preparing to Install Ubuntu 16.06 LTS

In case your system is connected to the Internet and wants to install third party tools during installation, you can select both the options as shown in below snap otherwise leave the options uncheck.

install-third-party-tools-ubuntu-16-04

Click on Continue to proceed further.

Step:4 Choose ‘something else’ option to create customize partition scheme.

If you are planning to create your own customize partition table then select ‘something else‘ option in the below screen and Click on Continue.

In case you Select the first option ‘erase disk and install ubuntu‘, it will delete all data on disk and will install Ubuntu with the default partition scheme.

something-else-option-during ubuntu-installation

Click on New Partition Table.

create-new-partition-table-ubuntu-16-installation

new-partition-table-ubuntu-installation

Click on Continue.

In the below Screen Select the Disk, click on ‘+’ option to create partition.

plus-option-during-new-parition-table

Specify the mount point as /boot and File system type as ext4 and partition size as 500 MB.

boot-partition-ubuntu-installation

Similarly create /var and /home partitions as per your available disk.

var-partition-ubuntu-16-installation

home-partition-ubuntu-16-installation

Create a Swap partition and size of swap should be double of your RAM, in my case RAM size is 2 GB so swap size should be 4 GB.

swap-partition-ubuntu-16-installation

In the last create ‘/’ partition on remaining size and file system type should be ext4.

slash-partition-ubuntu-16

Once you are done with partition table click on ‘Install Now‘. It will show the below screen, click on Continue to Proceed.

confirmation-to-format-partition-ubuntu-16-installation

Step:5 Specify the Time Zone as per your location.

time-zone-during-ubuntu-16-installation

Click on Continue.

Step:6 Select the Keyboard Layout as per your setup.

keyboard-layout-ubuntu-16-installation

Step:7 Specify the Hostname, User name and its password.

In this step specify the hostname for your system, user name and its password. We will using this user to login to the system after the installation.

set-hostname-during-ubuntu-16-installation

Click on Continue to start the installation

Step:8 Installation is in Progress.

As we can see below that installation is progress, once the installation is completed we will get the message to reboot the system.

Ubuntu-16-04-installation-progress

To Reboot the system click on ‘Restart Now

reboot-after-ubuntu-16-04-installation

Step:9 Now login to the system with User that we created during installation.

Ubuntu-16-login-screen-after-installation

Ubuntu-16-04-system-overview

Installation of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS is completed, explore it now and have fun 🙂

5 Responses

  1. larry says:

    I follow these instructions but the installation stops somewhere a bit after halfway down the “Copying files…” progress bar. I receive the error message:
    “Installation Failed.
    The installer encountered an error copying files to the hard disk: [Errno 5] Input/output error
    This is often due to a faulty CD/DVD disk or drive, or a faulty hard disk… (etc.)”

    I have not found any reason for the disk or drive to be faulty and googling has not found anything viable, or related to 16.04. I’m completely new to Linux and cannot tell what else to try. When I restart, it tells me “Please remove the installation medium, then press ENTER:” but when I do so, nothing boots and I am left with a black screen. When I restart again with the disk back in and go through the process again, it acts as though the installation was successful and I am asked if I should: “Erase Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and reinstall”, “Install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS alongside Ubuntu 16.04 LTS” which is nonsense because the installation crashed and I cannot actually use it, or “Erase disk and install Ubuntu” (or “Something else”). The process then repeats itself as described.

    • Chechu says:

      Indeed, larry. You are not alone. I have got the same problem with the same mumbo-jumbo text.
      This is a true pain in the belly. And it also happens with installers of
      previous versions (12 and 14). And I am pretty sure that the DVD disk has been correctly
      created (using the slowest speed, etc, etc). The fact that a similar problem happens with installers of
      previous versions strongly suggests that this has been a festering problem for years. I am therefore pessimistic
      about the possibility of it being solved in the immediate future…

      Possible work-around: I could successfully install debian, if this is acceptable for you.
      Installing linux mint will on the other hand fail with the selfsame problem, which is of course not a surprise,
      being itself based on ubuntu…

      Second work-around: if you have a windows-OS running on your system
      (and assuming you have some free disk space),
      you can install wubi within windows, and from wubi you might create a true ubuntu installation in
      the free space without installer (just a migration from wubi).

      But if you have found a true, genuine solution, please let me know.

    • Chechu says:

      Most likely the problem may be circumvented as described in point 4 here:
      https://sites.google.com/site/easylinuxtipsproject/bugs

  2. ADI says:

    What are the purpose of so many partitions?
    i understand the boot partition. but var and home?

  3. Hi ADI ,

    Here is the purpose for multiple partition, Keeping the system logs and other application logs on /var and all the user’s related data are stored in user’s home directory. Though we can keep minimum two partitions / and swap but in that case all the data will be stored under / file system.

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