How to Configure your own VPC(Virtual Private Cloud) in AWS
Whenever we login to our AWS(Amazon Web Services) account a default VPC is created with the CIDR (172.31.0.0/16). VPC stands for Virtual Private Cloud, it is virtual private network and is isolated from other virtual networks in your AWS account, we can launch EC2, RDS and Elastic Cache instances using our own created VPC.
In this article we will demonstrate how to setup our own VPC in your AWS account. Let’s assume I want to launch two ec2 instances one will used for application server and it will be accessed over the Internet and second instance will be used for Database server. My application instance will connect to Database instance internally using VPC subnet and also don’t want to allow DB instance to be accessed over internet.
Refer beneath steps to setup VPC and launch EC2 instances using your VPC
Step1: Create your VPC
Login to your AWS account, From the Services Tab → Select VPC →then Select Your VPC → click on “Create VPC”
Specify your VPC Name and CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing), In my case I am using the followings
- VPC Name = Linuxtechi-VPC
- IPV4 CIDR = 192.168.0.0/24
Click on “Yes,Create” option
Step:2 Create Private Subnets
In this step we will create two private subnets, Subnet1 (192.168.0.0/25) and Subnet2 (192.168.0.128/25) across the availability zones. We are calling these subnets as private because we can’t access instances from the Internet whenever EC2 instance is getting IP from these subnets. Though after attaching Internet gateway these instances becomes reachable over internet.
From the VPC Dashboard click on Subnets option and then click on Create Subnet
Specify the followings
- Subnet name as “subnet1”
- VPC ( Linuxtechi-VPC)
- Availability zone as per your region
- IPV4 CIDR “192.168.0.0/25”
click on “Yes, Create”, Similarly Create Subnet2 with IPV4 CIDR “192.168.0.128/25”
Step:3 Create a Route table and associate it with your VPC
From VPC Dashboard there is an option create a Route table. Click on “Create Route Table”
Specify the Name of Route Table and Select your VPC, In my case VPC is Linuxtechi-VPC
Step:4 Create Internet Gateway (igw) and attached it to your VPC
From VPC dashboard there is an option to create Internet gateway. Specify the Name of Internet gateway
Once the Internet gateway is created, attached it to your VPC, Select and Right Click Your Internet gateway and then Select the “Attach to VPC” option
Now Add Route to your route Table for Internet, go to Route Tables Option, Select your Route Table, In my case it is “Lnx-RouteTable“, click on Route Tab and Click on Edit and the click on “add another route”
Mention Destination IP of Internet as “0.0.0.0/0” and in the target option your Internet gateway will be populated automatically as shown below.
Click on Save
Step:5 Change Route table of your VPC Subnet
In above steps we have created two Subnets (Subnet1 and Subnet2), I am going to change the route table of Subnet1.From the VPC Dashboard, Click on Subnets, Select the Subnet1 and the click on “Route Table” Tab and the click on Edit.
Change the default Route table to “Lnx-RouteTable” and then Click On Save
Now onwards whenever an EC2 instance is launched in your VPC using Subnet1 then we can access that instance from Internet and Instance launched using subnet2 will not accessible over Internet but it will be accessible internally.
Step:6 Launch APP and DB Server Instance in your VPC
Launch APP Server in your VPC using Subnet1 and DB Server using Subnet2. Verify whether you are able to access APP Server and DB server from public IP.
Try to SSH APP Server with its Public IP
Try SSH DB Server with its Public IP
linuxtechi@linuxarena:~/Downloads$ ping 184.108.40.206 PING 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168) 56(84) bytes of data. ^C --- 22.214.171.124 ping statistics --- 8 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 7056ms linuxtechi@linuxarena:~/Downloads$ ssh -i linuxtechi.pem firstname.lastname@example.org ssh: connect to host 126.96.36.199 port 22: Connection timed out linuxtechi@linuxarena:~/Downloads$
We can’t access the DB server from Internet because it is launched with Subnet2 with its default Route table and Internet gateway is not associated to route table of Subnet2. Though we can access the DB Server from APP server with its private IP.
That’s all for this article and hope you guys got an idea how setup your own VPC in your AWS account. Please don’t hesitate to share your feedback and comments 🙂